The edge computing is a new trend ranked as the next level of the Internet of Things (IoT) operation is based on Internet – connected devices with technological advances needed for the analysis and data processing -increasingly complex- can be carried out near them.
Currently, there are numerous devices, such as smartphones, sensors, drones, cameras or laptops, which have the need to process data at an ever-increasing speed. All due to the exponential growth of the Internet of Things.
To solve this situation, edge computing emerged with innovative techniques that optimize the operation of smart devices and seek to improve business profitability. Do you want to know more about the subject?
So, keep reading to the end!
Edge computing: what is it?
The edge computing or computing edge in freely translation is a related art technology with the IoT operating in a network microcentros data store, process and analyze the requested data locally. Thus, it contributes to the optimization of the processes carried out by electronic devices that have the possibility of connecting to the network.
Its objective is to bring computing closer to the source of the collected data: therefore, the processing is carried out as close as possible to the data source or the user’s location.
The concept seems a bit complicated to understand and apply, doesn’t it? However, its advantages are easier to understand.
In the IoT, data collection is carried out through devices that collect what was gathered – the amounts depend on the equipment – and, later, the stored information is sent to a processing center or cloud.
On the contrary, instead of diverting all the information to the cloud or to the centers, edge computing classifies the data locally and separates those that can be processed there, an action that reduces data traffic and the obligation to send it.
In this way, digital information is processed at the ends of a network and only a fraction is sent to the central directories: this is the reason for the name “edge computing“.
The digital transformation never ceases to amaze, right?
When to use edge computing?
The edge computing can be used especially in places where the so-called time response latency required capturing and processing data in a very fast either red, i.e. with a very short response time.
This, because edge computing speeds up the processing of data collected in the Internet of Things network, since it processes a short distance from where the information was received and omits the step of transferring it to a central platform like, for example, cloud computing.
In other words, it is a more direct process that avoids intermediaries; However, it does not come to supplant or overthrow the cloud, but to act together to provide even more and better benefits for companies.
To make it easier to understand, below you will find the factors that must be considered before making the decision to apply edge computing in your company:
- Internet speed: bandwidth.
- Infrastructure size.
- Cost of the initial investment.
- Processing capacity of your devices.
Also, it is necessary to take into account the pre-existing network and the installation with professionals who in turn will be in charge of the maintenance. Likewise, don’t forget to evaluate if the benefits of edge computing can be applied to your business. Fundamental!
Advantages of applying edge computing
The benefits to organizations that adhere to emerging technologies are incredible, as they take advantage of IT innovations to increase performance, improve their production processes and, as a result, increase their competitiveness and market share.
Companies that suffer from poor device connectivity tend to benefit, as they will have less need to forward data over long distances.
Consequently, the digital avant-garde characteristic of this trend means a reduction in data transmission costs due to the fact that the infrastructure of the centralized centers is larger and more expensive.
Against this, edge computing requires an infrastructure that only occurs on the network, that is, it is cheaper.
In addition, it prompts us to leave obsolete processes behind: just 20 years ago we all worked with sheets in physical format without knowing that in the almost immediate future we were going to do without paper to improve and make our internal processes cheaper. A marvel!
On the other hand, this technology allows greater integration between the different teams because it is capable of incorporating multiple devices —of different generations— in the same network.
The most innovative computing promotes the reduction of costs in the implementation, since the equipment can be replaced in time instead of the whole.
Finally, we cannot fail to point out the speed of response in relation to IoT devices.
Areas that can take advantage of Edge Computing
The faster processing generated by the latency reduction can be used to improve production in multiple sectors, especially in industries belonging to the textile and oil sectors.
In health, when working with human lives, the rapid response of edge computing is required. Also finance, the manufacturing industry in general and telecommunications are other areas that require this technology.
As for traditional, digital marketing and the automation of processes for an e-commerce, they can also take advantage of edge computing to optimize payment and information processing to do it faster than if they used only cloud computing.
Very well! You already know what edge computing is, when to use it, its advantages and the areas that can benefit from its implementation.